Coffee Exporter Kerala, India

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Prepared from roasted coffee beans which is obtained from the coffee plant, this brewed drink is widely popular worldwide. Apart from its special taste and aroma, what makes coffee a household beverage is the stimulating effect it has on the human body after consumption. Coffee bean contains a considerable amount caffeine, which gives a sudden boost in energy and stimulation. The total export value of coffee is estimated to a whopping $30.6 billion which is an evidence of its immense popularity.

Origin and Popularity

The earliest record of the use of coffee in history is in 15th century Southern Arabia, used in sufi shrines. Indian coffee was said to be first grown in Karnataka in 1600 AD when Baba Budan, a legendary sage went to Arabia for pilgrimage and brought back seven coffee beans. He planted them in his hermitage and it became quite popular over the years. By 19th century, coffee was being used worldwide through colonized countries of the British. Large coffee plantations were set up in India by the British and in the late 20th century, India became one of the leading exporters of coffee. Production : Coffee is made from berries grown on coffee plant. The berries are hand-picked and seeds are obtained by removing the flesh of the berries. After that, the seeds are fermented, washed and then dried to obtain green coffee. Green coffee is roasted at high temperature which changes the coffee bean physically and chemically. Finally, the excess caffeine is removed by a process called decaffeination.
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Product Description

If classified based on the way it’s presented or used, coffee can be expresso, French press, cappuccino or latte. But fundamentally there are two types of coffee beans: ● Arabica: A delicate flavour and a balanced aroma is what makes this variety of coffee the most popular. Grown in elevated areas with high moisture content, Arabicas are generally harvested at the end of the year. Arabica again has different varieties namely: ● Kents coffee - This variety is not much popular today, but it’s one of the earliest varieties to be used. Kent coffee ensures good quality. ● S.795 coffee - This is the most popular variety of coffee in India. It is known for its high yield and resistance to leaf rust. ● Sin.9 coffee - It is a hybrid between an Ethiopian arabica variety and the Hybrido-de-Timor variety. It ensures superior quality. ● Robusta: Robusta coffee contains twice the amount of caffeine present in the Arabica variety, which contributes to its strong taste. Robusta can be grown in lower regions and thrives well in adverse climatic conditions and under pest attack. Hence, they provide faster and better yield compared to Arabica. High quality Robusta is used in expressos. The classification of Robusta variety are: ● S.274 coffee - This high yielding coffee has thick beans and is the most commonly used type of robusta variety. ● CxR coffee - It’s a hybrid between Coffea congenisis and Robusta coffee which has thick beans and a softer taste.

Coffee Production and Coffee Export in India

Indian coffee exporters shipped Indian coffee worth $520 million in 2018, making it the fifth largest coffee producer and sixth largest coffee exporter in the world. The production and export is governed by the Coffee Board of India. 16 varieties of coffee is grown in India, which constitutes 1.7% of the total coffee production in the world. Coffee exporters in India mainly rely on the traditional coffee plantations in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala. Since these plantations are spread across the country, the coffee produced and exported from each plantations have minor difference in taste and flavour. The Arabica variety is produced and exported from Anamalai (Tamil Nadu), Araku Valley (Andhra Pradesh), Bababudangiris (Karnataka), Biligiris (Karnataka/Tamil Nadu), Brahmaputra, Pulneys (Tamil Nadu), Sheveroys (Tamil Nadu), where the Robusta variety is made in Wayanad (Kerala) and Travancore (Kerala). Chikmagalur (Karnataka), Coorg (Karnataka), Manjarabad (Karnataka), Nilgiris (Tamil Nadu) is home to both these varieties.

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